It is essential that your tank has good water filtration, so that your tank can remain healthy. We are going to discuss the different signs of inadequate water, starting with waste. Always be on the lookout for waste assimilation in unseen areas. Waste is one of the many things that cannot be avoided in reef aquariums, but it can be maintained. Good water circulation can also mean that small parts of waste can be captured and in that way is maintained. If you are struggling to improve the flow of your tank, you should invest in more powerful systems such as powerheads.
If you observe Cyanobacteria in areas of your tank, you will know that you have insufficient water circulation, because these bacteria prefer areas where there isn’t much water gesture. This bacterium also likes areas that are polluted with waste, so seeing this type of bacteria in your tank may be the result of previous problems.
Accumulation of oil on the water exterior may also serve as a symptom of insufficient water circulation. A little churning at the water surface, created by powerheads situated just below the surface, will help intercept the accumulation of oil on the surface.
Many people don’t realise the importance of circulation in your saltwater aquarium and most of them don’t even know why a filtration system has three main components of circulation.
The first one is mechanical filtration, which removes unsightly particles from your tank including fish excrement, sludge, uneaten food and dust. Mechanical filtration should be changed regularly in order to prevent the build-up of waste and decreasing of water quality.
Then there is considerable confusion about biological filtration. Biological filtration is a process by which ammonia is converted to nitrite and then nitrate. This process is also known as nitrification. The biological filter removes ammonia and converts it to nitrite at a required rate.
Lastly, chemical filtration is the process in which solid particles use a filter medium that permits the fluid to pass through but retains the solid particles.
These main filtration types can be added to existing aquariums as well as new ones. The three main filtration systems will guarantee the success of your aquarium.